Tuesday, 15 April 2014

Did you enjoy spring? Good, because that's it!

Well, not really but it sure feels like we had spring and now we're back to February! There should be a distinct pause in spring migration over the next day or two and then it should gradually ramp back up. I hope you were able to get out and enjoy our first real taste of spring. Lots of birds have arrived and if you're like me, your Ontario year list has started to bulge in the last couple of weeks.

I made a trip down to Prince Edward County last weekend and it was a trip with signs of spring and signs of lingering winter:

A huge snow drift near Sandbanks PP

There are still lingering Snowy Owls
Red-tailed Hawk carrying food
Goose migration has been in high gear for a couple weeks now
This Rainbow Trout almost answered the question "what's on the other side of the road"
Since last weekend temperatures have warmed up and it has been an even more steady stream of new arrivals - check out the Ontario arrival dates for this year and you'll see what I mean.

Brown Creepers and other typical April migrants are really moving
Golden-crowned Kinglets are hard to miss these days
Pied-billed Grebes are now back in many areas

even Ring-billed Gulls look good this time of the year!
It's not just birds declaring spring has arrived - I heard my first frogs (chorus, peepers, and leopard) this past weekend and insects and plants are showing now too.
Hepatica will be blooming soon
My first butterfly of the season!
Firefly out and about
But the great thing about spring, is that we're just starting and arguably the most exciting stuff is still to come! According to the spring arrival dates I calculated using eBird we've got the following to expect in the next week:

15 April - 
Surf Scoter

Barn Swallow

Chipping Sparrow

American Goldfinch
16 April - 
Broad-winged Hawk

Brown Thrasher

Yellow-rumped Warbler

White-throated Sparrow
17 April - 
American White Pelican

Northern Rough-winged Swallow
18 April - 
Virginia Rail
19 April - 
Purple Martin
20 April - 
Cliff Swallow
21 April - 
Yellow-throated Warbler
22 April - 
Black Scoter

Upland Sandpiper

Yellow-throated Warbler...just getting started?
More to come this week?
Every thing on that list made an appearance in Ontario in the last few days with that push of warm southerly air, we'll see if we can get more of them as the week progresses, then it's just a short wait to the big push of late April/early May when almost everything happens all at once!

Thursday, 3 April 2014

How to use your eBird data to plan your next birding trip.

I spend a lot of time on this blog talking about all the great things that eBird can do but the truth is there is tons that it doesn't (currently!) do that I would like it to. However, people much smarter than me have often figured out how to work with eBird data to do some of them. A good example is the BirdTrax gadget to the right of this post, which was developed by Zachary Debruine.

Denis Lepage of Bird Studies Canada runs an amazing website called Avibase that if you haven't checked out you should - it has all sorts of things you'll find handy like bird checklists, bird taxonomies, bird species synonyms and way, way more (all of those features covers the whole world!). But one of the things I like most about Avibase are the My Avibase features. Here you can import your eBird lists and/or manage your various lists and then of course view them with whatever global taxonomy/language you want. More importantly, you can then use the power of Avibase to generate all sorts of reports.
The range of reports Avibase can generate
I'll let you check the screenshot above to see the type of reports Avibase can generate - they all have their own strengths/purposes. But here I'm going to talk about my favourite, the species list reports.
The species list reports are incredibly handy if you are planning a trip locally or abroad because you pick the location (country, state/province, and for some regions "county" level), the time of year, and the length of stay and Avibase can use eBird frequencies to calculate what species you are most likely to see and what the chances of you seeing it are. In the example below I chose the "species list" option in step 1 and then in step 2 I specified that I wanted to use the newest eBird taxonomy and wanted to see eBird probability scores for three days in April. (note if you want to get rid of all the spuhs and slashes you can use the Clements taxonomy).

The above is the output generated in Avibase. It shows you that if you spent three random days any time in April birding in Frontenac County (Ontario, Canada) you could expect to see 56.8 species based on the cumulative probability scores from eBird. You can go through the species list and see how likely you would be to see each individual species. For the example above, you have a 77% chance of seeing a Great Blue Heron but only a 3% chance of seeing a Great Egret, good to know! I've found it handy when travelling to unfamiliar locations to copy the results into Excel and then colour-code the results based on most likely to least likely and then to have that as an insert in my bird book. It makes for a really great "quick reference guide" when trying to beside between two or more similar species.

But you can go a step further and use My Avibase to create your life list for a region (let's use Frontenac County again) by importing your eBird records. Once you make a list in Avibase you can add records if you're eBird life list isn't complete (for example, you know you've seen a Snowy Owl in Frontenac County but you have submitted one yet for eBird). Once you have a regional life list into Avibase you can make a slight modification to the query:

In the above screen shot you can see that I switched to see Frontenac (targets) (you can do this using a world or country life list too). The result will show me what species I am most likely to add to my Frontenac County life list in three random days of birding in April:

Now, I've spent a fair bit of time in Frontenac County so there aren't too many "easy" birds left for me to get but there are still a couple. eBird "expects" me to get 2.7 species but that doesn't take into account the fact that I will very likely modify my behaviour to maximize the return on my "investment". My most likely species are Pied-billed Grebe (20% - got it this morning, just haven't entered it into eBird yet), Fox Sparrow (20% - I have an area in mind), and House Wren (16% - I'l have to wait 2-3 more weeks for them to arrive) but I can go through the full list to essentially find out which species I should think about trying for this month.
Token bird photo...Pied-billed Grebe
Anyways, I hope you check out My Avibase. It is super handy for planning your birding trips whether you're into life listing, county listing, or just getting an output of the species most expected for an area (and much more!).

Here are the links again:

Avibase homepage: http://avibase.bsc-eoc.org/
My Avibase: http://avibase.bsc-eoc.org/myavibase.jsp

Here are step-by-step instructions for generating a species list report (either a full species list report or just a list of species you "need"):

  1. Create a My Avibase account
  2. Click the “manage or create lifelists” button
  3. Click “create new checklist”
  4. Give the checklist a name and then pick the options. For instance if you are interested in generating a list of birds you have never seen in your life (anywhere) you’ll want to create a world lifelist by select “worldwide” as the continent and then “world checklist” as the region. If you are more interested in finding out which species you could add to your St. Louis County (Minnesota) list you’d want to select “North America” as the continent and then “Saint Louis” as the region. To get the list of counties you have to select the “eBird checklists only” or “show all checklists” option first. You can create many different life lists if you want. 
  5. Once you have created a life list, click the “more” button and then “import from eBird” and follow the instructions. Note that if you only want a particular year you can specify that too.
  6. If you want to add some species that you don’t have in your eBird records, you can then click the “more” button and select the “edit observations” option to add those species in.
  7. Once you have the appropriate list updated, you can click the “reports” tab and then select the “species list” option in step 1 and then in step 2 pick the appropriate options:
    1. Taxonomic authority: pick the taxonomy you want to use. (if you use Clements instead of eBird you will get rid of all of the spuhs, hybrids and slashes).
    2. Region: countries/world, etc. This is where you pick the region you are going to visit.
    3. Subregion: states/provinces and counties. Refine the area you are going to visit.
    4. What score do you want to use: pick eBird probability scores.
    5. What species to include: total species counts lists the probability of each species according to eBird (regardless of your life list). If you want to compare it with one of your lifelists pick it from the list. If you choose your world lifelist it will tell you which species you could add to your lifelist, if you pick your St. Louis County lifelist it will tell you which species you could add to your St. Louis County Lifelist.
    6. eBird filters: pick the time of year, and duration of your planned visit (works best with a shorter time frame).
  8. Click “view report” and you’ll get your results.

Wednesday, 2 April 2014

Will the winter ever end? The first week of April

It's finally starting to feel more like spring every day, though slowly. But if you check the weather as frequently as I do or you're reading Brandon's weather bird blog you'll know that we're still going to be getting at best seasonal temperatures for the next while. I'm OK with seasonal temperatures at this point.

Thankfully, the worst is likely behind us and we are into April. The birds that will arrive over the next 3-4 weeks are a bit less dependent on weather than March migrants, so we'll probably stay pretty much "on schedule" from here on out, despite cooler weather.

Personally, I had a great start to April with a big movement of birds all day going past my office window. Check out my eBird checklist from the morning - I tried my best to work but almost 10,000 Canada Geese going by is a bit of a distraction! I've got my yard list up over 50 species now with my first Tree Swallow this morning.
10,000+ Canadas and 152 Snow Geese passed by on April 1

Two Snow Geese right over my house!
This is 1 of 2 (the ugly one) Red-shouldered Hawks from 1 April
I had a meeting in Prince Edward County yesterday evening so on the way made a quick stop at Kaiser X-Road. This place is great all spring because there is a big flooded field that attracts waterfowl and later on shorebirds and Little and Bonaparte's Gulls. It was still mostly ice covered but there were loads of waterfowl including Snow Goose and Tundra Swan. Here's the full list.

Anyways what do we have to look forward to arriving this week? Lots! Many of these species have already begun arriving in the extreme SW part of the province (and beyond) so keep an eye out for them this week:
01 April -  
Bonaparte's Gull
02 April -  
Double-crested Cormorant
Tree Swallow
03 April -  
Great Egret
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Field Sparrow
Vesper Sparrow
04 April -  
06 April -  
Common Loon
Sharp-shinned Hawk
Greater Yellowlegs
07 April -  
Cooper's Hawk
Hermit Thrush
Osprey on nest
One of my favourite signs of springs is when Ospreys show up back on nests. They are always really amazing because it seems like one day there are none and then the next day all of a sudden almost every nest  is occupied.

Tuesday, 1 April 2014

New eBird features!!

I'm pretty excited about a few new eBird features that I just had sent my way. It looks like we should see these all implemented by the end of April!

Anyways, here are the new features we can look forward to:

You'll probably notice the new details you can now include with each of your checklists:

-Hyper Details finally lets you record things like relative size of the bird, the mood of the bird, and perhaps best of all, the mood of the bird. I don't know how many times in the past I've wished there had been a spot in eBird to record some of those, especially mood. It'll take me a while to go back through all of my field notebooks to extract that data.

-Extreme Location lets you include coordinates for every individual bird you see. Personally, I've already been doing this for a while so it is nice to finally be able to include the coordinates of each individual Red-winged Blackbird (example) I see. It will sure be nice to be able to see each of those records on my personal map (another new feature being rumored!).

It's always nice to hear about the new features eBird is going to be releasing and I hope you're as excited as I am!

Saturday, 22 March 2014

The last week of March

This past week has really started to feel like spring! I had my firsts of several species including Snow Goose, Ruddy Duck, Wood Duck, Sandhill Crane, Killdeer, Green-winged Teal, Bonaparte's Gull, American Woodcock, and Great Blue Heron. Part of that list was because I've been down at Long Point but I think many of those species have spread north into much of southern Ontario now.
What do you think of this "white" goose?
"I came all the way for this?"

I think basically this past week served to "catch up" for alot of species, check out the eBird figures for our old friends RWBL and COGR:

We're pretty much bang on with last year at this time

That being said, it doesn't look like winter is ready to release us quite yet and we're getting a reminder of that for the first half of the week. For the birds that are "scheduled" to arrive this week, looking at the list I'm not too optimistic that we'll end March on schedule. Most of the birds that normally arrive this week are passerines and I'm not going to hold my breath that we'll see the first "mass arrival" of Eastern Phoebes. Anyways, here's the list of species that normally arrive this week (for methodology and full spring list click here):
22 March -   American Kestrel
25 March -   Northern Flicker

Eastern Phoebe

Brown Creeper

Winter Wren

Fox Sparrow
27 March -   Blue-winged Teal
28 March -   Pectoral Sandpiper

Belted Kingfisher
30 March -   Dark-eyed Junco
31 March -   Wilson's Snipe

Tuesday, 18 March 2014

Birds are in the air!

We finally have a night with favourable conditions for migration and it looks like lots of birds are taking advantage of it. Check out the wind map showing light ESE winds over southwestern Ontario:

The Radar is lighting up with birds tonight - check out this animation from the Cleveland station over southwestern Lake Erie. You can see the birds taking to the sky just after dusk:

eBird has a good primer on Radar and bird migration here.

With the favourable weather tonight (and the direct evidence above) we should have lots of new birds (finally) reaching southern Ontario for us to wake up to. The rain predicted to start early in the morning should stop this migration pretty quickly. At this time of year it's not likely to result in anything too crazy but we might get closer to being "caught up" in terms of migration. I'd expect to see a good push of dabbling ducks, robins, blackbirds, killdeer, and maybe the odd passerine species that normally shows up in late March...we'll see!
I'll be listening for my first Song Sparrows tomorrow!

Monday, 17 March 2014

March - week 3?

On the weekend we rolled over to the third week of March but it still feels like the third week of January (OK, maybe I'll give you the third week of February). Waterfowl migration should be in high gear by now but there's not much incentive for them to move with snow banks and frozen water bodies everywhere. I had to chuckle a little bit when I saw Tree Swallow appear as a "most likely" species on my eBird checklist today (that's based on a two-week window).

Migration is still pushing on though with blackbirds continuing to trickle north. We're getting closer to "normal" frequencies for our favourite species, but still a fair ways off the mark, especially compared to the last two years:

What should we be watching for this week?
Great Blue Heron - soon enough we'll be seeing them back

The third week of March usually slows down from the previous week for new arrivals (but still plenty of individuals). Who knows, maybe with the warm weather later this week we'll get the waterfowl that was supposed to arrive last week?? The following nine species arrive, on average, "en masse" this week:

16 March -   Eastern Bluebird
17 March -   Pied-billed Grebe
18 March -   Wood Duck

Golden-crowned Kinglet

Eastern Meadowlark

Brown-headed Cowbird
20 March -   Red-throated Loon
21 March -   Great Blue Heron

Rusty Blackbird